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SQL Server 2008数据库连接方法  

2010-03-13 15:39:59|  分类: 数据库 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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.NET Framework Data Provider for SQL Server

Type:    .NET Framework Class Library

Usage:  System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection

Manufacturer:  Microsoft

Standard Security

Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User Id=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

Use serverName\instanceName as Data Source to connect to a specific SQL Server instance.

Are you using SQL Server 2008 Express? Don't miss the server name syntax Servername\SQLEXPRESS where you substitute Servername with the name of the computer where the SQL Server Express installation resides.

 

Standard Security alternative syntax

This connection string produce the same result as the previous one. The reason to include it is to point out that some connection string keywords have many equivalents.

Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;Trusted_Connection=False;

 Trusted Connection

Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=SSPI;

  Trusted Connection alternative syntax

This connection string produce the same result as the previous one. The reason to include it is to point out that some connection string keywords have many equivalents.

Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=True;

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.

Server=myServerName\theInstanceName;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=True;

 

 

Trusted Connection from a CE device

Often a Windows CE device is not authenticated and logged in to a domain. To use SSPI or trusted connection / authentication from a CE device, use this connection string.

Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=SSPI;User ID=myDomain\myUsername;Password=myPassword;

Note that this will only work on a CE device.

Read more about connecting to SQL Server from CE devices here

 

Connect via an IP address

Data Source=190.190.200.100,1433;Network Library=DBMSSOCN;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User ID=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

DBMSSOCN=TCP/IP. This is how to use TCP/IP instead of Named Pipes. At the end of the Data Source is the port to use. 1433 is the default port for SQL Server.

How to define which network protocol to use

 

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=True; MultipleActiveResultSets=true;

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=c:\asd\qwe\mydbfile.mdf;Database=dbname; Trusted_Connection=Yes;

Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

 

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;

Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

 

Using an User Instance on a local SQL Server Express instance

The User Instance functionality creates a new SQL Server instance on the fly during connect. This works only on a local SQL Server instance and only when connecting using windows authentication over local named pipes. The purpose is to be able to create a full rights SQL Server instance to a user with limited administrative rights on the computer.

Data Source=.\SQLExpress;Integrated Security=true; AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\mydb.mdf;User Instance=true;

To use the User Instance functionality you need to enable it on the SQL Server. This is done by executing the following command: sp_configure 'user instances enabled', '1'. To disable the functionality execute sp_configure 'user instances enabled', '0'.

 

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.

Data Source=myServerAddress;Failover Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=True;

There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.

 

.NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB

Bridging to SQL Native Client OLE DB

This is just one connection string sample for the wrapping OleDbConnection class that calls the underlying OLEDB provider. See respective OLE DB provider for more connection strings to use with this class.

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Uid=myUsername; Pwd=myPassword;

SQL Server Native Client 10.0 ODBC Driver

A connection to SQL Server that allows for the issuing of async requests through ADO.NET objects.

Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Integrated Security=True;Asynchronous Processing=True;

 

 

Standard security

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Uid=myUsername; Pwd=myPassword;

Are you using SQL Server 2008 Express? Don't miss the server name syntax Servername\SQLEXPRESS where you substitute Servername with the name of the computer where the SQL Server 2008 Express installation resides.

 

Trusted connection

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase; Trusted_Connection=yes;

Equivalent key-value pair: "Integrated Security=SSPI" equals "Trusted_Connection=yes"

 

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerName\theInstanceName;Database=myDataBase; Trusted_Connection=yes;

 

 

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First you need to set the connection object's Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.

oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways

oConn.Open "Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerAddress;DataBase=myDataBase;

 

 

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase; Trusted_Connection=yes;MarsConn=yes;

Equivalent key-value pair: "MultipleActiveResultSets=true" equals "MARS_Connection=yes"

Use ADO.NET for MARS functionality. MARS is not supported in ADO.NET 1.0 nor ADO.NET 1.1.

Using MARS with SQL Native Client, by Chris Lee

 

Encrypt data sent over network

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase; Trusted_Connection=yes;Encrypt=yes;

 

 

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=c:\asd\qwe\mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname; Trusted_Connection=Yes;

Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

 

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;

Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

 

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Data Source=myServerAddress;Failover Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;Integrated Security=True;

There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.

 

More info about this wrapper class library »

Customize string

example values »

Bridging to SQL Native Client OLE DB

This is just one connection string sample for the wrapping OleDbConnection class that calls the underlying OLEDB provider. See respective OLE DB provider for more connection strings to use with this class.

Provider=SQLNCLI10;Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Uid=myUsername; Pwd=myPassword;

 

 

More info about this driver »

Customize string

example values »

Standard security

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Uid=myUsername;Pwd=myPassword;

Are you using SQL Server 2008 Express? Don't miss the server name syntax Servername\SQLEXPRESS where you substitute Servername with the name of the computer where the SQL Server 2008 Express installation resides.

 

Trusted Connection

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=yes;

Equivalent key-value pair: "Integrated Security=SSPI" equals "Trusted_Connection=yes"

 

Connecting to an SQL Server instance

The syntax of specifying the server instance in the value of the server key is the same for all connection strings for SQL Server.

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerName\theInstanceName; Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=yes;

 

 

Prompt for username and password

This one is a bit tricky. First you need to set the connection object's Prompt property to adPromptAlways. Then use the connection string to connect to the database.

oConn.Properties("Prompt") = adPromptAlways

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;

 

 

Enabling MARS (multiple active result sets)

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Trusted_Connection=yes; MARS_Connection=yes;

Equivalent key-value pair: "MultipleActiveResultSets=true" equals "MARS_Connection=yes"

Use ADO.NET for MARS functionality. MARS is not supported in ADO.NET 1.0 nor ADO.NET 1.1.

Using MARS with SQL Native Client, by Chris Lee

 

Encrypt data sent over network

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase; Trusted_Connection=yes;Encrypt=yes;

 

 

Attach a database file on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=.\SQLExpress; AttachDbFilename=c:\asd\qwe\mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;

Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

 

Attach a database file, located in the data directory, on connect to a local SQL Server Express instance

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=.\SQLExpress;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|mydbfile.mdf; Database=dbname;Trusted_Connection=Yes;

Why is the Database parameter needed? If the named database have already been attached, SQL Server does not reattach it. It uses the attached database as the default for the connection.

 

Database mirroring

If you connect with ADO.NET or the SQL Native Client to a database that is being mirrored, your application can take advantage of the drivers ability to automatically redirect connections when a database mirroring failover occurs. You must specify the initial principal server and database in the connection string and the failover partner server.

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerAddress;Failover_Partner=myMirrorServerAddress;Database=myDataBase; Trusted_Connection=yes;

There is ofcourse many other ways to write the connection string using database mirroring, this is just one example pointing out the failover functionality. You can combine this with the other connection strings options available.

Please note if you are using TCP/IP (using the network library parameter) and database mirroring, including port number in the address (formed as servername,portnumber) for booth the main server and the failover partner can solve some reported issues.

 

More info about this wrapper class library »

Customize string

example values »

Bridging to SQL Native Client 10.0 ODBC Driver

This is just one connection string sample for the wrapping OdbcConnection class that calls the underlying ODBC Driver. See respective ODBC driver for more connection strings to use with this class.

Driver={SQL Server Native Client 10.0};Server=myServerAddress;Database=myDataBase;Uid=myUsername;Pwd=myPassword;

 

 

More info about this provider »

Customize string

example values »

Using SQL Server Native Client provider

Provider=SQLXMLOLEDB.4.0;Data Provider=SQLNCLI10;Data Source=myServerAddress;Initial Catalog=myDataBase;User Id=myUsername;Password=myPassword;

 

 

More info about this class library »

Customize string

example values »

Context Connection

Connecting to "self" from within your CLR stored prodedure/function. The context connection lets you execute Transact-SQL statements in the same context (connection) that your code was invoked in the first place.

C#

 using(SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection("context connection=true"))

 {

     connection.Open();

     // Use the connection

 }

VB.Net

 Using connection as new SqlConnection("context connection=true")

     connection.Open()

     ' Use the connection

 End Using

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